Imperial Citadel of Thang Long
No 12 (19) Nguyen Tri Phuong, Ba Dinh, HanoiTelephone
for booking: +84-4-37345427 or +84-4-37345927Email More information Prices
free admissionOpening hours
8:00 to 17:00. after 2hrs lunch time, open at 14.00
The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is the cultural complex comprising the royal enclose area built in the Ly Dynasty and expanded in Tran, Le and finally Nguyen Dynasty. The ruins of the citadel roughly coincide with the Hanoi Citadel today. The royal palaces and most of the structures in Thang Long were in varying states of disrepair by the late 19th century with the upheaval of the French conquest in Hanoi. The central sector of the imperial citadel was listed in UNESCO's World Heritage Site in 2010.
The history has proved that the royal palaces and almost structures in the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long were seriously damaged in the late of 19th century. At present, the ruins of Thang Long Citadel are still being excavated.
Generally, the ancient Hanoi Citadel had three encircling walls. Tu Cam Thanh (The Purple Forbidden Citadel) was house of the King and his royal family. It is located within the inner wall inside Hanoi Citadel. There were different names of the citadel through various dynasties, such as: Cung Thanh in the Ly Dynasty, Long Phuong in the Dynasty of Tran and Cam Thanh (the Forbidden Citadel) on the Le Dynasty. Only one gate which functioned as the connection of the Purple Forbidden Citadel and Hoang Thanh (the Royal Citadel) was called Doan Mon Gate.
Inside the middle wall was the Royal Citadel where royal audiences were taken place. It was also a place of offices and residences of mandarins. Time has taken its tolls to many gates linking the Royal Citadel with Kinh Thanh (the outmost wall); only Bac Mon (the Northern Gate) in present-day Phan Dinh Phung street has survived.
The Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is worth to visit although the exterior is the Colonialism architecture. There are a few mentioned among the attractions in Hanoi. The heart of this World Heritage Site is the exhibition within the walls of the Citadel, where you should have at least 1-2hrs for visit.
These UNESCO World Heritage site was founded on 1010 AD as power centre of the capital without interruption. Within the citadel was the Forbidden City where emperors spend their personal life with their women. Thang Long means ascending dragon and it is a former name of Hanoi.
Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is divided into three parts. Visits should start from the 1,2 and 3, respectively
1. Flag Tower of Hanoi on Dien Bien Phu Street within Army Museum area, opposite Lenin Statue & Park, adjacent to the base of the tower is Highland Cafe
2. Citadel and Palaces on Hoang Dieu Street
3. 18 Hoang Dieu Archaeological Site on Hoang Dieu Street, opposite the Citadel and Palaces.