Old Bagan, Myanmar (Burma)Prices
Included in the Bagan Archeaological Zone ticket (25 000 kyats ~ $20)Opening hours
08:00 am - 05:00 pm. Should visit at 09:30 am. Should leave before 11:00 am
Situated close to the road between Nyaung U and Bagan, and about 1.5 km northeast of Bagan. This large temple was built by King Nantaungmya in 1218. The temple is known to be the last Myanmar Style temple built in Bagan. The name is a misreading of the Pali word for 'Blessings of the Three Worlds'. King Nantaungmya erected the temple on this spot because it was here that he was chosen, from among five brothers, to be the crown prince. Nantaungmya was King Narapati Sithu's son. The selection of the heir to the throne had a tradition, which was to erect a white umbrella and the future ruler would be chosen when the white umbrella tilts in his position. After the event, it was decided by the state policy's council.
Architecture of the Htilominlo
The Htilominlo is a brick structure, that was originally plastered with white stucco, some of which is still in place. The intricately carved stucco contains depictions of ogresses and mythological animals like Makara sea creatures.
The temple is set on a low platform and has a symmetrical floor plan, but for the Eastern entrance porch that extends further out than the other three. The massive lower cube is topped with three receding terraces. The much smaller second cube has another three terraces. All of them contain small stupas on each of its corners.
The terraces are fitted with a set of glazed terracotta plaques with scenes from the Jataka tales, the stories about the previous lives of the Buddha. Unfortunately, many of the tiles have not survived.
Each side of the square temple has an entrance porch, that are all richly decorated. The porch of the Eastern gate extends out further from the structure than the other entrances, which breaks the symmetry of the building.
This large temple was built by King Nantaungmya in 1218. Situated close to the road between Nyaung U and Bagan. The name is a misreading of the Pali word for 'Blessings of the Three Worlds'. Nantaungmya erected the temple on this spot because it was here that he was chosen, from among five brothers, to be the crown prince. The legendary saying is that, the five princes were standing in a circle and the white umbrella in the middle. The white umbrella would bend to the prince to become king and he was chosen.
Inside the 46-metre-high temple, which is similar in design to Sulamani Pahto, there are four Buddhas on the lower and upper floors. Traces of old murals are also still visible. Fragments of the original fine plaster carvings and glazed sandstone decorations have survived on the outside. The doorways feature nice carved reliefs.
Sikhara and hti topping the Htilominlo
The top of the Htilominlo temple comprises of a sikhara, an ornamental tower originating from Northern India. The sikhara is similar to that of the Ananda, except that it is not gilded. A gilded hti, a spire shaped like an umbrella is placed on the sikhara.
Inside the temple
The walls from the entrances leading to the inner sanctuary contain arched recesses in which small Buddha images are enshrined. Both floors contain four large gilded Buddha images, each facing one side of the temple. The second floor has been closed to visitors. The temple contains beautiful murals and frescoes of Buddhist depictions done in several colors. Some of them have faded considerably.
To protect the temple from decay, the terraces are closed and it is no longer possible to climb to the top. Around the temple are lots of souvenir stalls selling local handicrafts. The complex is surrounded by a wall with elaborate entrance gates. The Htilominlo temple was damaged during the 1975 earthquake, and has since been restored.