Sulamani Guphaya Temple

Sights Type / Religious
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
  • Sulamani Guphaya Temple
Location

Old Bagan, Myanmar

Address

Minnanthu region, 1½ kilometers South East of old Bagan, Myanmar (Burma)

Prices

Included in the Bagan Archeaological Zone ticket (25 000 kyats ~ $20)

Opening hours

08:00 am - 05:00 pm. Should visit at 09:30 am. Should leave before 11:00 am

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One of the most visited temples due to its fine condition, large size and because stairs lead up to the higher levels providing great panoramic views over the plain especially at sunrise and sunset. Four Buddha images face outwards from the four sides at ground level and inside there are some of the finest stucco carvings in Bagan.

The Sulamani (occasionally Sulamuni) Guphaya, or Pahto, is one of Bagan's premier temple attractions. Sulamani means "Crowning Jewel", was built in 1181 by King Narapati Sithu, who reigned from 1174 to 1211.Combining the horizontal planes of the Early period with the vertical lines of the Middle, the temple features two storeys standing on broad terraces assembled to create a pyramid effect. The brickwork throughout is considered some of the best in Bagan.

Carved stucco on mouldings, pediments and pilasters represents some of Bagan's finest ornamental work and is in fairly good condition. Glazed plaques around the base and terraces are also still visible. Buddha images face the four directions from the ground floor; the image at the main eastern entrance sits in a recess built into the wall. 

A walled enclosure in the north of the compound contains the remains of Sulamani Kyaung, a monastery building that housed Sulamani's senior monk and the Tripitaka. It may also have served as an ordination hall. A water tank in the compound is thought to be the only original Bagan reservoir still in use by local residents.

Sulamani represents some of Bagan's finest ornamental work which are carved stucco on mouldings, pediments and pilasters. These are today in fairly good condition. Glazed plaques around the base and terraces are also still visible.

Buddha images face the four directions from the ground floor; the image at the main eastern entrance sits in a recess built into the wall. The interior passage around the base is painted with fine frescoes from the Konbaung period, and there are traces of earlier frescoes. Stairways lead very close to the top of this temple, from where the views are superb.

In the north of the compound contains the remains of Sulamani Kyaung, a monastery building that housed Sulamani's senior monk and the Tripitaka (the Buddhist scriptures), which is walled enclosed. It may also have served as an ordination hall. A water tank in the compound is thought to be the only original Bagan reservoir.